How to Deal Cards in Texas Holdem Poker

Shuffling the Deck

The dealer thoroughly shuffles the deck to ensure fairness. This task requires mixing the cards in various ways to prevent any predictable arrangement. A recommended practice involves performing a riffle shuffle at least seven times, ensuring a good mix of cards.

Dealing Hole Cards

The game begins with each player receiving two private cards known as hole cards. Here’s how to deal them correctly:

  • Start with the player to the left of the dealer button
  • Deal one card at a time, face down to each player
  • Repeat until all players have two cards each

The dealer should deal all cards clockwise.

Burning Cards

After dealing the hole cards, burn a card from the top of the deck before each major dealing stage. Burn cards help ensure fair play by eliminating the top card.

The Flop

After burning a card, the dealer lays out the first three community cards. This is known as the flop:

  • Burn the top card of the deck
  • Deal the next three cards face up in the center of the table

These community cards can be used by all players in combination with their hole cards to form the best possible hand.

The Turn

The fourth community card is known as the turn. To deal the turn card:

  • Burn another top card
  • Deal one card face up next to the flop cards

This provides players with additional options to improve their hands.

The River

The final community card is called the river. The process of dealing this card involves:

  • Burning the top card of the deck
  • Dealing one more card face up next to the previous community cards

Players then have one last chance to form their best hands using any combination of their hole cards and the community cards.

Final Betting and Showdown

After the river is dealt, the final betting round begins. Players make their best hands using the cards available to them. The showdown process includes:

  • All remaining players reveal their hole cards
  • The player with the highest-ranking hand wins the pot
  • If there is a tie, the pot is split evenly between the winning hands

The next hand then begins, and the dealer button moves one player to the left, ensuring everyone eventually deals and faces the small and big blinds.


This method ensures fairness and order throughout the game, enabling everyone to maximize their enjoyment and strategic play in holdem poker. Properly dealing cards is essential to maintaining game integrity and creating an enjoyable experience.

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